GEOMETRIC PAPER FORM

SINGLE CELL to UNIT FORM

 


Student Work (click below)
2008-10
2011, Spring
2011, Fall
2012


 

Project introduction to methods and materials

 



Artists to research:

Artists that work with Geometric forms

Robinson Fredenthal
Tony Smith
Donald Judd
John Powers
George Papadimas
Ronald Davis

Artists that work with paper

Peter Callesen
Jen Stark

Richard Sweeney
Hunter Stabler
Noriko Ambe
Jae Ko
Maya Lin
Dawn Ng
Tom Seymour
Yuko Nishimura
Manda Thomas
John Powers


DRAWING FOR IDEAS:

Isometric and Axonometric drawing
Isometric Drawing 1 YOUTUBE
Isometric Drawing 2
Isometric Drawing 3
Isometric Drawing 4
Isometric Drawing 5
USING TRANSPARENT TRIANGLES AND RULERS to achieve consistent angles.

Design Process



Project Description

Concept:

To construct a single geometric form, then construct a larger symmetrical or an asymmetrical by repeating a systematic construction method of single cells into unitiforms, and unit forms into a completed final form. . (3 weeks).
-Consider movement, repetition, and variety (various sizes), also consider height, width, and depth when experimenting with your final construction. (your sketch book will save you time and frustration, sketch out your ideas, take notes and write down your thoughts).


Materials:

-Sketch Pad, work out ideas and plans.
-Bristol Board Vellum or smooth surface. 14 X 17, 18 x 24 inch pads work well (found in the school store)
-Various rulers / Straight edge for marking, cutting straight lines, and scoring (transparent graph rulers work well for measuring)
ADHESIVE:Aleen's quick dry tacky glue

-Blue Tape:
3-M scotch-blue delicate surface
painter's tape (found in home depot, walmart or any painting store/department)
-Razor knife, X-acto blade
.
You will need more than one blade; blades will dull out quickly.
-Cutting Mat (self healing) for cutting paper.
Cutting mats are sold in the school store orany art store (walmart has cheap large cutting mats in the fabric section)



Approach:

Week 1:

Make 5 templates from this link: 3-D form templates,then make 3 invented forms. When you invent forms simply deviate from the original forms you made from the templates. Also sketch out various ideas and plans to construct your form(s) using para-line drawing techniques demonstrated in class. This may lead to additional ideas. Lastly, try to make a form by taping planes together... then untape and flatten out the form to figure out how to design the template. Remember to keep the forms simple... not too complex. You may make 20-80 of these, so be realistic of what you can produce in 3 weeks

Homework: Make 5 forms from the template and 3 invented forms (read above for more details)

Week 2:

Study your forms and select one that may provide you with the most options. We will discuss (in class) what forms may offer most potential. Imagine a form repeated several times in different shapes and sizes. Once you commit to a form’s design, begin to make 20 more forms. During this process try to piece together forms using the unit form system as demonstrated in class (using only blue tape, no glue).

Homework: At home, consider several unit form options. Try various methods to connect the single cell to create various unit forms in 2,3,or 4 pieces. Consider working with a spiral design or stacking forms, or various methods that present themselves as you experiment. Be sure to consider all three dimensions (height, width, and depth). You will photograph, using your cell phone, each version you explore. Once you tape together an idea,photograph with your phone, then deconstruct and reconstruct another version. REMEMBER to only use 3-M sensative blue tape to connect your forms (DO NOT USE GLUE AT THIS TIME). Next class you will present your research and proof of work by presenting me your cell phone pictures. Make sure to have at least 3 different versions.

Week 3:

After we discuss your options and the best possible direction, you will then execute the final design. The last week is labor intensive; attempt to figure out a mass produciton system and focus on craftsmanship. At this moment you can glue your project together.

Homework: Complete your project and be prepared to discuss/critique works in class.

Week 4: Group critic / introduciton to a new project. Material list will be assigned for the new project

 

 


EXAMPLES IF SKETCHING IDEAS:

Below is a drawing by Ann Tyng (Architect). She was the first female to graduate from Harvard Architecture school.
Everything starts as a sketch. Learn to translate your ideas onto paper.

 

Below is a drawing by Sol Lewitt (Artist) notice the concentration and beauty demonstrated within these rough sketches.

 

 

 

Below shows how to draw a simple cube using the isometric method.
Sketch out your work using parallel lines as demonstrated below.


Grading



Concept
-Do you follow the concept (rules and objective) of the project in regards to construction? Did you analyze your form as a single cell and a unit form to find the best possible solution. Are the strongest element(s) and principle(s) of design a focal point in your project? Does the final version visually stimulate the viewer?
Craftsmanship
- Use of media, neatness, precision. Does a lack of craftsmanship distract the viewer from the structure's design?
Creativity
-Originality, problem solving,
Composition
-Walking in the round (360 degrees around the form), Is there a level of interest from all points of view (height, width, depth), also known as 3 dimensions? Does the work possess unity? How is unity achieved?
Completion
-Does the project seem complete and developed/evolved? Does the project feel well researched and explored within the context of formal design? Does the work feel like a model or a finished form? Is there a sense of completion, or does the form feel like it is missing a part (not whole)?


Group and self critique questions:

 

1) What Elements/principles of design does the overall form emphasize? Make a hierarchal list from dominant to subtle.

2) Does the overall design utilize the most appealing design elements of the single cell or unit form?

3) List the strengths of the overall form:
Consider:

4) List areas to improve upon. Consider the list above. 

5) Title?  One word, no nouns.

 

 

Elements and Principles of Design is posted below: