Terms to know:

Hybrid: 1. an animal or plant resulting from a cross between genetically unlike individuals. Hybrids between different species are usually sterile
2. anything of mixed ancestry
3. a vehicle that is powered by an internal-combustion engine and another source of power such as a battery
4. a word, part of which is derived from one language and part from another, such as monolingual, which has a prefix of Greek origin and a root of Latin origin
5. (of a vehicle) powered by more than one source
6. denoting or being a hybrid; of mixed origin
7. physics (of an electromagnetic wave) having components of both electric and magnetic field vectors in the direction of propagation
8. electronics
a. (of a circuit) consisting of transistors and valves
b. Compare monolithic (of an integrated circuit) consisting of one or more fully integrated circuits and other components, attached to a ceramic substrate

[C17: from Latin hibrida offspring of a mixed union (human or animal)]

Appropriate:1. suitable or fitting for a particular purpose, person, occasion, etc.: an appropriate example; an appropriate dress.
2. belonging to or peculiar to a person; proper: Each played his appropriate part.
verb (used with object)
3. to set apart, authorize, or legislate for some specific purpose or use: The legislature appropriated funds for the university.
4. to take to or for oneself; take possession of.
5. to take without permission or consent; seize; expropriate: He appropriated the trust funds for himself.

Found object: A natural object or an artifact not originally intended as art, found and considered to have aesthetic value. Also called objet trouvé. (

Readymade: noun. An everyday manufactured object, as a bottle rack, a snow shovel, a urinal, or a comb, that may by the creative act of selection and designation by an artist attain status as a work of art: associated almost exclusively with the aesthetic activities of Marcel Duchamp during the period 1915 to 1917. (

Irony: the use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning (

One liner: A one-liner is a joke that is delivered in a single line. A good one-liner is said to be pithy.[1] one layer deep (


Claus Oldenburg

Marcel Duchamp

Dufala Brothers


To create a hybrid form based on two contrasting forms and function.


Research! By using an image searching tool like Google or Bing, select several forms that you may use to merge into a whole (the objects you choose must be recognizable to the general population); for example, a tank, an ice cream truck, a hose nozzle, a gas pump, a fork, camper, etc. Once you have printed out your considerations. Study each image and imagine two forms combined.

Consider conceptual properties like irony. Do the two forms, when connected together, exhibit some form of irony? Conceptual relationships will be an emphasis during the final critique.

Integrating the forms: figure out how to combine your forms. Try to integrate them various ways other than the obvious (stacking one on top of the other). Imagine yourself deconstructing each object then reassembling the objects into one. Consider size and scale (a form that is small could be large, or a form that is large could be small)

Techniques that may be used: Carbon copy (4) separate drawings, stippling technique, (1) drawing, graphic pen technique (1) drawing


Select two contrasting forms and functions. Meld them together.
Make sure the eye level is the same on both forms to successfully combine the objects.

Consider changing the standard size of an object.



Angular graphic pen approach


or stippling


Close up view of stippling



Grading: Five C’s

-Idea, preparation, and how well understood / executed the project.
-Overall design and presentation
- use of media, neatness
-Originality, problem solving,
-Does the project seem complete and developed/evolved?


Group critique and self-critique questions:

Is the form highly developed and complete?

Describe the formal aspects.

Does the color support the concept? How?

Describe the concept.

Is there a creative use of materials? Describe?

Are there technical distractions? If so, what?

Is there a narrative or concept emerging?

What is lacking?

What is the works' strength?

What would you title it and why?

Is there a historical or cultural reference?

Does the final result surpass the original materials properties into another realm or concept?

Stippling technique:

















Notice the reflected light on the intense eyed snowperson.








Georges Seurat, 1859-1891