CUBE CONSTRUCTIONS


FIRST DAY:

Helpful Links:

BASIC DRAWING FOR THE INDUSTRIAL DESIGNER

Videos:

How to make a mark and hold a pencil..
MAKE YOUR MARK

How to achieve parallel lines (video below)
USING TRANSPARENT TRIANGLES AND RULERS to achieve consistent angles.


Industrial Designers in action (video's below demonstrate skills from practicing the projects below)



Quick sketch using markers: Create transparency using markers

What is Isometric, diametric, trimetric drawing, Isometric and Axonometric drawing?

How to draw in isometric, in addition, orthographic projections


Project I.A

Unified Individual Cubes

Approach:

First, build a cube out of little cubes (we will begin this in class). Then begin to randomly eliminate individual cubes. As you erase individual cubes, you can start to think about balance,space, and visual weight. By eliminating cubes you can open visual paths through the form. Imagine you are a small person walking through the forms; does it feel evenly open and spacious throughout? Explore several options.. take out, put in, until the overall form feels well designed.

Rules:

-Both designs must demonstrate asymmetrical balance.

-Follow through with you lines

-show history of lines

-apply line weight

-apply 3 values

-use pencils H4 up through 2B

-cubes cannot touch face to face; however, they can touch corner to corner.

-Must use 18 x 24 inch, 80 weight paper.

-Must use a various rulers to achieve straight parallel lines.

-Project I and II will be on the same page (horizontal format, split down the center)


GRADING and SELF ASSESSMENT


Technique / Craftsmanship:
Ability to create an even tone using a variety of pencils from 4H on through HB
Are lines parallel?
Are rectangles consistently the same volume?
1    2   3   4   5   NA

Integration of value and line; do they appear to work as one?
1    2   3   4   5   NA

Cast shadows: Do the cast shadows represent the rectangle and a sense of light?
1   2   3   4   5   NA

Unity/Design: Do the cubes work together as a whole? Is there a successful balance between open and closed spaces?
1   2   3   4   5   NA

Rules? Does the project follow the rule that rectangles can only touch corner to corner?
1   2   3   4   5   NA

Completion / Execution:
Does the final work feel complete and comprehensive
1   2   3   4   5   NA

1 = Unsuccessful     2 = Needs Improvement     3 = Average     4 = Above Average     5 = Excellent     NA = Not Applicable for the assignment

 


 

PROJECT I.B

Connected Cubes (face to face)

Approach:

First, build a cube out of little cubes (we will begin this in class). Then begin to randomly eliminate individual cubes. As you erase individual cubes, you can start to think about balance,space, and visual weight. By eliminating cubes you can open visual paths through the form. Imagine you are a small person walking through the forms; does it feel evenly open and spacious throughout? Explore several options.. take out, put in, until the overall form feels well designed.

Rules:

-Both designs must demonstrate asymmetrical balance.

-Follow through with you lines

-show history of lines

-apply line weight

-apply 3 values

-use pencils H4 up through 2B

-cubes must touch face to face; however, they cannot touch corner to corner.

-Must use 18 x 24 inch, 80 weight paper.

-Must use a various rulers to achieve straight parallel lines.

-Project I and II will be on the same page (horizontal format, split down the center)


GRADING and SELF ASSESSMENT

Technique / Craftsmanship:
Ability to create an even tone using a variety of pencils from 4H on through HB
Are lines parallel?
Are rectangles consistently the same volume?
1    2   3   4   5   NA

Integration of value and line; do they appear to work as one?
1    2   3   4   5   NA

Cast shadows: Do the cast shadows represent the rectangle and a sense of light?
1   2   3   4   5   NA

Unity/Design: Do the cubes work together as a whole? Is there a successful balance between open and closed spaces?
1   2   3   4   5   NA

Rules? Does the project follow the rule that rectangles can only touch face to face?
1   2   3   4   5   NA

Completion / Execution:
Does the final work feel complete and comprehensive

1 = Unsuccessful     2 = Needs Improvement     3 = Average     4 = Above Average     5 = Excellent     NA = Not Applicable for the assignment

 

 


Project II

Interior / Exterior, Form and Plane Study,

 

Concept:

The concept behind these drawings is to simultaneously present an interior and exterior structure developed through the organic process (trial and error) of drawing/design. Note: the exterior is the original rectangle.

Approach:

On a half sheet of 18 x 24 inch paper draw a rectangle filling most of the paper. Similar to the former project start by dissecting the form in half vertically and horizontally. Then, dissect the form in quarters. Dissect the interior of the form also in half, then quarters. By now you should see the interior and exterior of the form. Make small dots where lines intersect, this will help to understand the form without confusing lines. Start to apply random diagonal planes inside and outside the form by connecting the small dots; I will demonstrate in class. Explore and experiment until you have resolved a unique and interesting form(s) utilizing diagonal plane shifts. Similar to writing an essay, add and edit constantly developing the design well beyond your original intention. Push yourself and take risks... that is where creativity lives. We will discuss what is successful designs in class. Study the examples below, and make a few free-hand rough drafts before starting the final draft. When you find yourself in a creative rut, select a utilitarian object (manmade item that serves a single purpose like a toothbrush), and attempt to apply elements of that form into your drawing/design.

Rules:

Must draw each form as if it is transparent: show all lines of the interior form and exterior form (A.K.A construction lines). Essentially, you must show the lines as they cross through the form (line weight variety is essential to illustrate the concept of transparency)

Must demonstrate line weight to show the form you are creating (all of these lines will become confusing, you must show a hierarchy of line weight to reveal your intentions) The viewer must be able to differenciate between all of the forms you included in the design. Line weight variety is also imperative to illustrate this concept as well.

Must use pencils H4 up through to 2B (keep your pencils sharp at all times)

Do not apply value, only use contour line.

Do not attempt to make something representational, think non-objective. However, you can use a object as a source of influence to further develop your design.

The form itself must be symmetrical like a car; however, the drawing itself will not be symmetrical because of the 3/4 turn of the object.

Use the drawings above and below as a model to understand the basis of the project.

 

 

 

 

YOUTUBE video tutorials

 

 


GRADING / SELF ASSESSMENT

Technique / Craftsmanship
-Line weight variety
-parallel lines
-overall clarity
1    2   3   4   5   NA

Transparency: How well did you utilize line-weight variety to illlustrate the concept of transparency?
1   2   3   4   5   NA

Design and Unity: (how well the parts of the form work together as a whole design)
1   2   3   4   5   NA

How well you demonstrate hierarchy by use of line weight (can you differentiate between forms)
1   2   3   4   5   NA

Concept Development
(how far you perused the process of design)  Is there a developed sense of crossing planes and various diagonals utilizing the entire space of the rectangle?
1   2   3   4   5   NA

Completion
/ Execution
1   2   3   4   5   NA


1 = Unsuccessful     2 = Needs Improvement     3 = Average     4 = Above Average     5 = Excellent     NA = Not Applicable for the assignment

 

 


 

Project III

Q*BERT, 19 individual cubes united as a whole

Below are 19 individual structures composed inside 19 isometric cubes.

 

The BAUHAUS influence. Below is a drawing by Herbert Bayer, 1923

 

 

Below is a finished example of the project. Following, is a step by step to prepare your paper for the project.


 

Step 1: draw a vertical line down the center of your paper 18 x 24 inch paper. Make sure the line is centered and parallel to the edges of the paper.

Step 2: align the ruler with the line and mark off every 1 1/2 inch starting from the top

Step 3: using a T-square and a 30/60 transparent triangle, draw in diagonal lines on each 1 1/2 inch mark (as demonstrated below)

*make sure your T-square is perpendicular to the paper

 

Step 5: Match the points/dots below to your drawing and connect the dots. Start roughly 3 inches from the top, this should center your drawing.

 

Step 6: Draw vertical lines through the intersection of each diagonal line

 

Step 7: Clarify the cubes by applying atmospheric perspective. Darken the part of the cube that is closer, and use the kneaded eraser to lift the back lines of each cube.

 

Step 8: begin to manipulate each of the 19 cubes by inventing various geometric forms. During this stage treat each cube as an individual. Use the image below as source to invent forms.

 

 

Additional forms that can influence your project.

 

Step 9: integrate all 19 cubes into one unified drawing. Focus on repetition, variety, size scale, line weight, etc. Be innovative but not too literal.

At this point I will have demonstrated in class how to derive organic forms from geometric forms.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


GRADING and SELF ASSESSMENT

 

Craftsmanship: exhibit various degrees of line weight illustrating a sense of hierarchy (including construction lines).
1    2   3   4   5   NA

Demonstrate evidence of transparency.
1    2   3   4   5   NA

Balance of organic and geometric lines, shapes, and forms.
1   2   3   4   5   NA

Unity/Continuity/gestalt: (how well the 19 cubes work together as a whole)
1   2   3   4   5   NA

Concept Development: Creativity and Innovation: How far you pushed the design process.
1   2   3   4   5   NA

Execution and completion: does the final image feel complete and well executed.
1   2   3   4   5   NA


1 = Unsuccessful     2 = Needs Improvement     3 = Average     4 = Above Average     5 = Excellent     NA = Not Applicable for the assignment

Student Work, Examples

2012


Helpful Videos:

Make organic forms from geometry (video)
Para-line Drawing Basics (video)

Ellipses (video)


 

SPEED DRILLS (class exercise)


Isometric Drawing 3 (You Tube demonstrating speed drills)

 

In class skill building:

Approach:

Select a simple form from your 19 cubes project to draw. Similar to the YOUTUBE videos, you will rapidly draw the form you selected several times.

SPEED DRILLS: TIMED

Draw the form in 10 seconds, 20,30, 60, 30, 20, 10.

Select another form and repeat

invent a form and repeat


Project IV: Isometric Projections

Video Tutorials:

Simple form (video)

 

Below are isometric projections which are different view points to understand all three dimensions of a form (height, width, and depth = H x W x D).